Our second site is part of the East Mediterranean route focusing on the Aegean Sea, where migrants including those from Pakistan attempt to cross the displaced borders of EU countries. A product of the establishment of the Schengen zone in the 1990s and its distinction between internal and external borders. We will be focusing on Istanbul and Thessaloniki, two cities at the centre of the current migrant crisis.
The final site is London and Birmingham in the UK, a country that is one of the favoured destinations of migrants from Pakistan. Whilst situated outside the Schengen zone, the UK takes advantage of the hardening and displacement of European borders. Within the UK the border functions as a set of governmental practices that are connected to a geography of control, apprehension and detention. For Pakistani migrants, this border is especially prevalent as deportations of Pakistanis are amongst the highest with regular charter flights being operated by the UK Border Force.